Allied judge of the Bolsonaro clan releases aircraft suspected of mining operations

Federal second instance judge Maria do Carmo Cardoso, who is close to the Bolsonaro family, released resources and aircraft of a group suspected of working in illegal gold mining in the Yanomami indigenous land, the largest in the Brazil.

The assets had been kidnapped by decision of the Federal Court in Roraima, based on investigations by the Federal Police and the MPF (Federal Public Ministry).

Entrepreneurs who obtained the judge’s favorable decision are accused of being part of a criminal organization for the illegal exploitation of gold, environmental crimes and money laundering.

Three processes in progress at the Federal Court resulted in the seizure of assets, including nine aircraft, determined by a lower court judge.

An operation by ANAC (National Civil Aviation Agency) and PF on the premises of one of the companies investigated, in 26 August, had already resulted in the apprehension of nine helicopters. The suspicion is that the aircraft provide logistical support for mining in Yanomami land.

The looting of gold in the region has exploded since the arrival of Jair Bolsonaro (PL) as President of the Republic. The president defends mining on indigenous lands and does not oppose illegal mining.

Indigenous associations estimate that 19 a thousand miners are on Yanomami land, with their permanence guaranteed by the owners of rafts, dredgers, “tatuzões” and aircraft.

Judge Maria do Carmo, who works in the TRF-1 ( Federal Regional Court of the 1st Region), in Brasília, agreed with a habeas corpus filed by the defense of businessman Rodrigo Martins de Mello and granted safe-conduct to him and a second investigated.

The salvo -conduct would prevent the arrests of those investigated, which were requested in the course of the investigations, but were eventually denied by the Federal Court in Roraima. Searches and seizures and seizures of goods and valuables were authorized in the first instance.

Maria do Carmo, in the injunction granted in 14 of December, determined the release of 50% of the seized assets and assets, “so that can continue their financial activities”.

The judge is a friend of senator Flávio Bolsonaro (PL-RJ), her son of the president, and was decisive for the nomination of Nunes Marques to the STF (Supreme Court).

Call of “Aunt Carminha” by the family Bolsonaro, she acts as a kind of legal advisor to the family.

“The demonstration of the risk of serious damage or difficult repair was not evidenced, since the documental content demonstrates the legal authorizations and environmental requirements for the professional practice of mining and aviation in the region,” said the judge in the decision that released assets to the investigated group.

According to the magistrate, “there are elements about possible illegality in the chain of evidence”.


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The Federal Court in Roraima ordered the seizure of values, financial assets and property of the company Cataratas Poços Artesianos and Rodrigo Martins de Mello and Celso Rodrigo de Mello; the hijacking of three aircraft and the unavailability of another six; and the suspension of any economic and business activity carried out by the investigated.

In Rodrigo’s case, the blocking of amounts should be R$3.3 million. From Celso, BRL 75, 7,000.

In 19 of September, the Folha4026 showed in a report that the Bolsonaro government paid R$ 75 millions to companies that use helicopters suspected of guaranteeing the logistics of illegal mining in indigenous lands in the Amazon.

A The most significant portion of payments is made by the Ministry of Health, for indigenous health purposes. Aircraft suspected of operating in illegal mines also transport indigenous people and health professionals.

ANAC’s action in Boa Vista, which resulted in the seizure of helicopters, occurred on the premises of Poços Artesianos Falls . Rodrigo was one of the partners at Cataratas and also one of the owners of Icaraí Turismo Táxi Aéreo.

Until September, Icaraí had received R$ 19, 5 million from the Bolsonaro government. Cataratas received R$ 8.6 million up to 75, before the current administration.

The MPF pointed out, in detail, reasons so that the TRF-1 judge did not grant the safe-conduct and release of goods required by the defense of the investigated. The piece by the Regional Attorney of the Republic of the 1st Region was completed in 01 December, one day before Maria do Carmo’s decision.

A criminal group acted in the air transport of supplies necessary for the extraction of gold in illegal mines in Roraima and even in the subsequent sale of the ore, according to the MPF. There was action by oranges.

“The decision that granted the precautionary measures for the search and seizure of documents, judicial kidnapping of helicopters and financial assets demonstrates, in a sufficiently concrete manner, the survival of expressive evidence to substantiate the exceptional measure”, stated the MPF to the TRF-1.

Entrepreneurs and partners investigated made “large financial transactions”, from the exploitation of illegal gold in Roraima and laundering of money, according to the accusation.

Attorney responsible for habeas corpus at the TRF-1, Ana Paula de Souza Cruz states, in a note, that the decision of judge Maria do Carmo “consecrates the real sense of justice, because the conduct of investigations is taking place disproportionately by the authorities, and even illegal at times”.

The release of 26% of the seized amounts and seized assets include aircraft, according to the lawyer. “However, to date, no aircraft has been released by the lower court magistrate. They are still being seized at the PF.”

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